South Baltic Offshore Wind Energy Regions
Offshore wind energy (OWE) has enourmous potential, and its production is highly cost efficient compared to other renewable energy sources (RES). The EC has therefore identified OWE to be of strategic importance with regard to the EU energy targets and reducing dependence on energy imports.
OWE has become a competitive alternative to fossil sources of energy, and therefore large-scale investments in new capacities have recently been made or are currently planned.
For the South Baltic (SB) area alone, the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) predicts more than a ten time increase in OWE capacities, as it offers ideal natural and economic preconditions. It is therefore the right time to encourage cross-border cooperation in this sector to ensure that the development of OWE in the region is a harmonised one and that resources are pooled rather than split.
If this is achieved, then the SB region will have the chance to position itself among the top of European OWE regions. The challenge, however, is to overcome societal and institutional barriers and bundle efforts in order to create an environment favourable for the development of a highly competitive offshore wind industry (OWI).